Ngorongoro crater is located 180 kilometers west of Arusha in Tanzania. One could get accommodation In Arusha at a 3-star hotel for about US $250 per night or at a 5-star hotel for about US $500 per night.
One of the largest and most impressive sites is the crater. It is, in fact, the world's largest inactive, unfilled caldera. It is estimated that the crater that was originally there collapsed on its own forming the caldera. The Crater is 610 meters deep and the floor covers an area of 260 square meters. This is such an impressive feature to explore and to enjoy the different vegetation in the crater. The crater has several streams with the Munge stream draining into a seasonal take in the crater called Lake Magadi. Magadi is a Maasai term that means Salt. The Maasai are the local inhabitants of the region and their culture is also something to behold, they are nomadic pastoralists and still practice transhumance to this day.
The crater also boasts of a large wild animal species variety. Some of the animals found include:
- The Black rhino.
- the cape buffalo.
- the blue wildebeest.
- Thompson's Gazelle.
The crater also protects the Olduvai Gorge, the gorge is a steep-sided ravine and is part of the Great Rift Valley and lies in the rain shadow side of the crater making it the driest part of the crater. the gorge is important more so in pre-historic sites as it has hosted some of the remains of the pre-historic man and many artifacts that were discovered by great explorers such as Mary and Louis Leakey.