Tsavo National Park is located in South East Kenya extending on either side of the Nairobi-Mombasa highway. It is named after the Tsavo River which flows from West to East through the national park.
It is the biggest park in Kenya with an area of 22,000km² and is among the world's single largest game sanctuaries.
The Tsavo National Park is divided into 2, by the Nairobi- Mombasa Highway, to the east is the Tsavo East National Park and to the west, The Tsavo West National Park.
It is a habitat to Africa's big 5, the lion, the African elephant, the buffalo, rhinoceros and the leopard but is particularly famous for it's beautiful herds of elephants and magnificent geological landscapes.
1. Tsavo East National Park
- It has an area of 13,727km².
- It is located in the ASALS of Taru Desert near Voi Town in Taita Taveta County.
- This park borders the Chyulu Hills National Park and the Mkomazi Game Reserve in neighboring Tanzania.
Key Attractions in the Tsavo East National Park
- The Athi and Tsavo River converge to form River Galana. During the hot hours of the day, herds of elephants converge here to cool off, roll in the mud and spray each other with the cool blue waters.
- Aruba Dam, built in 1952, crosses the Voi River and is a spot that attracts many animals and birds of the water.
- There are 500 recorded bird species in the Tsavo East National Park including the sacred ibis, lovebirds, crowned crane, ostriches and the Black Kite and many mammals such as the aardwolf, dik diks, bushbucks etc.
- There is the 300km long Yatta Plateau, which is the longest lava flow in the world and among the most magical features of the Tsavo East. It is located along the western boundary of the park above River Athi.
- Lugard Falls, named after Sir Frederick Lugard with a series of rapids on the Galana River.
- There are many archaeological sites of the late stone age period close to the Galana River.
- Bird watching
- Wild game viewing
How to Get to the Tsavo East National Park
1. By Road
- Mtito Andei Gate is 233km South of Nairobi and 250km North of Mombasa.
- If you are visiting from Malindi, use the western road, C103, and enter the park through Sala Road.
2. By Air
- There are a couple of airstrips around Tsavo including Voi, Sala and Mopeo.
- For Citizens, adults pay Ksh 500 while children pay Ksh 200.
- Non residents pay 30$ for adults and 20$ for children.
2. Tsavo West National Park
- It has an area of 9065km².
- It is rocky, mountainous and dump with swamps, the famous Mzima Springs and Lake Jipe. Shetani Lava Flows is also found here.
- It has a couple of archaeological sites dating back to the late and early stone age close to the Galana River.
- Wildlife present here include cape buffalo, hippos, elephants, leopards, lions, Masai giraffe, bushbabies, lesser kudus and rhinoceros.
- The 50 million gallons of crystal clear water allows you to enjoy watching the underwater hippos and fish.
- Cave exploration.
- Viewing wild game.
How to Get to the Tsavo West National Park
- It is 240km from Nairobi and 250km from Mombasa.
1. By Road
- You can reach the park via the Taveta-Voi Road through Jipe, Maktau and Ziwani Gates.
- When coming from Mombasa use the Tsavo Gate in Manyani.
- When coming from Amboseli, use the Chyulu Gate. If you come from Nairobi use the Mtito Andei Gate.
2. By Air
- There are 3 airstrips in the park.
- There are airstrips nearby such as the Kamboyo and Kilaguni.
Park Entry Fees
- Adult citizens pay Ksh 500 while children pay Ksh 200.
- For non-residents adults are required to pay 30$ while children pay 20$.